摘要题,做为雅思阅读的难题,许多同学们都不清楚怎样下手,那麼下边就和出国留学网的网编讨论一下逻辑性词在雅思考试摘要题中有多关键?

  雅思阅读逻辑关系之并列关系 剑5T2P3

  题干:In Britain, moreover, scientists worried that English had neither the technical vocabulary nor the grammatical resources to express their ideas.

  原文:First, it lacked the necessary technical vocabulary. Second, it lacked the grammatical resources required to represent the world …

  题干中出現的neither…nor…表达“既不…都不…”,是联接2个否认定义的并排逻辑关系词。原文中的first, it lacked …,second it lacked …表达了一样的逻辑关系,虽然主要表现方法有一定的转变。答题时,这类相匹配的逻辑关系能够使人们在原文中迅速精准定位参考答案。

  雅思阅读逻辑关系之转折点和逻辑关系 剑5T2P3

  题干:Although English was then overtaken by German, it developed again in the19th century as a direct result of the industrial revolution.

  原文:In the following century much of this momentum was lost as German established itself as the leading European language of science. … However, in the 19th century scientific English again enjoyed substantial lexical growth as the industrial revolution created the need for new technical vocabulary.

  题干中出現了表达转折点关联的although, 相匹配于原文中的however;另外,题干还出現了表达逻辑关系的as a direct result of, 相匹配原文中表因果关系的逻辑关系词as。

  雅思阅读逻辑关系之层递关联 剑5T3P2

  题干:To deal with this, Stanley suggests the use of artificial floods in the short term, and increasing the amount of water available through desalination in the longer term.

  原文:In the immediate future, Stanley believes that one solution would be to make artificial floods to flush out the delta waterways, in the same way that natural floods did before the construction of the dams. He says, however, that in the long term an alternative process such as desalination may have to be used to increase the amount of water available.

  in the short term … in the longer term…是题干中出現的表达层递关联的逻辑关系词。根据迅速查读原文,能够发觉同样的逻辑性构造in the immediate future … in the long term …。

  在雅思备考全过程中,选读是切实可行的一种训练法。根据选读,人们能够发觉雅思阅读逻辑关系词经常是雅思阅读摘要题考试点所属。

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